Centreless grinding is a machining process that is used for grinding the exterior surfaces of cylindrical or round-shaped workpieces.
This process uses a grinding wheel and a regulating wheel to remove material from the workpiece and achieve a high level of accuracy and precision. The main difference between centreless grinding and other types of grinding methods is that centreless grinding does not use a spindle or center to hold the workpiece in place.
FUNDAMENTALS OF CENTRELESS GRINDING:
1. Workpiece: The workpiece used in centreless grinding must be cylindrical or round in shape and must have a uniform diameter throughout its length.
2. Grinding Wheel: The grinding wheel used in centreless grinding is typically made of conventional abrasive either silicon carbide or aluminium oxide which allows for high precision and accuracy. The grinding wheel must be balanced and trued before use to prevent vibration and ensure a smooth grinding process.
3. Regulating Wheel: The regulating wheel is used to control the speed and pressure of the grinding process. It is typically made of a soft material, such as rubber or polyurethane, and must be accurately aligned with the grinding wheel.
4. Grinding Clearance: The grinding clearance is the gap between the grinding wheel and the regulating wheel, and it is critical to the centreless grinding process. This gap must be set accurately to ensure consistent grinding and to prevent the workpiece from rubbing against the grinding wheel.
5. Feed Rate: The feed rate refers to the speed at which the workpiece is fed into the grinding process. This must be set accurately to ensure consistent grinding and to prevent the workpiece from being damaged.
6. Infeed Grinding: Infeed grinding is the most common type of centreless grinding and involves feeding the workpiece into the grinding process in a controlled manner. This process can be used for grinding external surfaces, as well as for grinding the interior of bores.
7. Through-feed Grinding: Through-feed grinding involves feeding the workpiece through the grinding process in a single pass. This process is typically used for grinding external surfaces, and it can achieve high levels of accuracy and precision.
8. Precision: Centreless grinding is known for its high precision and accuracy, which makes it ideal for grinding parts that require tight tolerances, such as bearings, gears, and fuel injectors.
9. Cost-Effective: Centreless grinding is a cost-effective method of grinding compared to other grinding processes, as it requires less setup time and fewer tools. Additionally, the lack of a spindle or centre reduces the cost of the grinding machine and makes it more accessible to small and medium-sized manufacturing companies.